Kamis, 30 Maret 2017

How to Give a Speech

How to give a speech?
Speaking at the public is most scary for some people. Luckily of this article gave way to handle it using a speech
There are three stages if want to Speech

The first stage . 
 Preparing speeches

1.     Pick your message
Make sure it can be summarized in a sentence. Choose words that are easily understandable for the listeners.
2.     Know your audience.
You will not deliver the same speech to children aged four years and for the CEO
3.      Don't ruminate about negative thoughts
Ask yourself, what's the worst that could happen? You will look strange because it does not give a speech according to the "expectations" They.
Not that, you have to think about how to overcome the fear of public speaking
4.     Research your subject
If his subject is you, welcome! But if not, be examined, the pros and cons! If people could dig a hole in your argument, it is not an effective speech.
5.     Use stories, humor and metaphors
By using a humorous story will make them live and listen to the content of your speech.
6.     Use striking adjectives, verbs and adverbs
More lanjud about being alive! Taking the phrase "The fishing industry is bad" and turn it into "a terrible fishing industry practice". Even something as simple as "we can solve this problem" substituted "We can quickly resolve the problem" is morememorable. Your audience may not remember exactly what you said, but they will remember the emotions you are called in themselves
7.     Jump right in
When the speech went viral on youtube, you know it well and steve jobs' 2005 Stanford graduates not only address it. He began, "today I want to tell you three stories from my life. That is all. There is no big problem. only thereestories
8.     Write it out
Because forming a speech in your head is a lot of work. Write it out, see how it transitions from point to point, if it covers all your bases, and if it really says what you set out to say. If it doesn't, revamp till it does!

The second stage
 Practicing the speech

1.     Write down your main points. 
Now that you have everything you want to say figured out (and hopefully on paper), write down your main points. Take this notecard and see if you can cover everything just from looking at it. How does it flow? What parts are you less convinced by yourself on?
·       Get to the point where you're comfortable delivering it just with the notecard. The more comfortable you are with the speech, the more it'll show when you're delivering it.

2.     Memorize it.
Alright, so this isn't super necessary, but it's definitely a good idea. If you have it memorized, you can make eye contact with your audience and worry about the icing on the cake, like gestures and inflection. Don't stress if you don't have enough time -- but if you do, take advantage of it.
·       This doesn't mean that you have to go out there unarmed. No, you'll be taking your notecard with you! If your mind blanks, you can take a look-see at it and go right where you need to. You ran over it with the notecard 10 times for this reason.

3.     Deliver it to someone. 
This is a grand idea for a couple of reasons:
·       Delivering it to someone helps you get used to someone looking at you while you're talking. Public speaking can be pretty terrifying, so having a practice audience will help calm your nerves.
·       Have them actually pay attention. At the end of your speech, ask them what questions popped up in their mind. Were there any holes in your argument? Or did anything confuse them?

4.     Practice in front of the mirror and in the shower. 
Really, you should be practicing wherever you can. But these two spots will be particularly useful:
·    Practice in front of the mirror so you can see your body language. What gestures work where? How do you feel about the pauses and what do you do during them?
·       Practice in the shower because it's probably one of the few times during the day where you can mindlessly go over it. Does your mind blank on any part? If so, review it.

5.     Time it. 
You probably have some idea of how long your speech should be -- either you were given a specific time slot or you were given a length requirement for the speech. Try to get it comfortably above the minimum and comfortably below the maximum -- that way if you accidentally speed up or slow down, you're still golden.

The third stage
Delivering the speech

1.     Think about your posture and body language.
Standing like you have a fig leaf over your crotch is not the way to give a captivating speech. Nor should you go the opposite way and lean over the podium. It's best to stand straight, feet shoulder width apart, and use your hands as naturally as possible.
·       Your speech conveys a certain amount of emotion, right? (Correct answer: Yes.) Take those moments and move with them. You use your hands every day to express emotion -- this speech is no different. You're still communicating to people, just on a bigger scale. Though the scale is different, the gestures remain the same.

2.     Use props. 
Have you heard about that TED talk where the woman is talking about schizophrenia and her own brain hemorrhage? No? Well, have you heard about that TED talk where the woman is talking about schizophrenia and her own brain hemorrhage and then she whips out a real human brain, spinal cord and all? You can hear the audiences jaws dropping in the video.[4] Talk about painting a vivid picture.
·       This should be used carefully, though. Don't whip out a different prop every sentence. Stick to one really effective prop, like the brain. Telling a story about your dad's last burning building he ran into? Take out his burned firefighter helmet. Talking about the time you ran into Will Ferrell at your local Starbucks? Whip out your autographed grande, coffee-stained cup when you get to the part about how you fainted after asking. Use them sparingly, but effectively.

3.     Know when and how to use pictures. 
A powerpoint can be a great addition to a speech (for certain topics, at least). Just make sure you use them to your advantage! You want them to listening to you, not awe-struck by the pretty pictures.
·       Use graphs to illustrate your points, especially if they're hard to understand. Pictures can be more memorable than just being told factoid, regardless of how pivotal it may be.
·       Don't face the pictures when you're talking! You know what's on there -- keep delivering the speech to your audience, not the screen.

4.     Select people in your audience, don't scan. 
A lot of people are under the impression scanning the audience is ideal -- and if that makes you nervous, just sort of scan the back wall. No! Resist! Instead, think of it as a one-on-one conversation. Make eye contact with a person over here, a person over there, etc. Draw them in one at a time instead of making them all feel glossed over.

5.     Vary your tone. In general, sure, you should talk at a calm, understandable rate and speak with clarity. This should be your go-to. But to keep your audience awake and to keep your speech dynamic, vary it up. The parts you feel passionate about should be clearly emphasized! Speak loudly and with vigor! Pound your fist if you need to! And then there are parts that will feel more like a lullaby. And even parts that require pauses to let the emotion set in...AND THEN RAMPED BACK UP. It's a lot more effective verbally than over text. You get it.
·       Show emotion in your tone, too. Don't be afraid to chuckle a bit or show a bit of grief or frustration. You're human. Your audience is looking for a human connection, not a robot spitting words at them.

6.     Don't forget about pauses! There's just as much power in the pauses as there is in the words. Think about the sentence, "Dihydrogen monoxide killed 50 million people last year. 50 million. Let that sink in." Now think about the sentence with pauses after each period. Gets a little more serious, doesn't it?
·       Take your speech and literally write in the pauses if it'll help you. Draw a big ol' slash through the text to indicate a break. Once you have it down, you'll be able to feel where the pauses will go.

7.     Conclude by restating your message and saying a simple, "Thank you." You've gone through the speech, no one's died, and now it's time for your conclusion. Keep it to the point, lock eyes with the audience, thank them, smile, and get off the stage.
·       Take a deep breath. You did it. Next time you'll be giving a speech on how to give speeches. What were you so nervous about in the first place?

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